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The effects of sequential use of oxytocin and sublingual nitroglycerin in the cases of retained placenta

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of adding sublingual nitroglycerin to oxytocin, for delivery of retained placenta after vaginal delivery. Method: The study was performed as a placebo controlled clinical trial on women who did not finish delivering placenta after 30 minutes of active management of the third stage of labor. In case group, 1 mg nitroglycerin and in the control group, placebo was prescribed sublingually. Results: In total, 80 women finished the study. The number of manual removal of placenta did not show significant difference between the 2 groups [25 women (62.5%) in the case and 30 women (75%) in the control group, p=0. 335]. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups according to duration of the 3rd stage of labor, hemoglobin index, decline in HB index >30% and maternal vital signs after treatment. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups according to adverse effects [8 women (20%) in the case group and 4 (10%) in the control group (P=0.348)]. Conclusion: The sequential use of oxytocin and sublingual nitroglycerin could not lead to delivery of more placentas and did not reduce the necessity of manual removal of placenta in comparison with placebo.

دکتر سمیرا حسن خانی، متخصص زنان و زایمان هستم اگر در این زمینه سوالی دارید میتوانم .به شما مشاوره دهم

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دکتر سمیرا حسن خانی